Local Adjustment Pro

Local Adjustment / Exposure / Color Editor / Sharpening / Moiré

The Local Adjustments Tool Tab allows you to create layers and work on targeted areas of an image.

Introduction

The Local Adjustments tool lets you create layers that allow you to selectively edit areas of an image non-destructively. There are two kinds of layers, Adjustment layers and Repair layers and there are two main tools used to make selections, the Brush tool and the Gradient Mask.

The Brush tool is used with both layer types and has full access to the range of local adjustment and repair tools. It allows control over color, exposure, contrast, brightness, saturation, sharpening, clarity, curves and more, in targeted areas of your image. Now the most common retouch jobs can be achieved with a few brush strokes.

The Gradient Mask can also be used with all the adjustment tools but it’s particularly useful when color and tonal adjustments need to be applied quickly and accurately across a section of an image, rather like a filter. Adjustments using the Brush tool or Gradient Mask can be edited at anytime and are not applied permanently until images are exported.

The Local Adjustments tool lets you create layers that allow you to selectively edit areas of an image non-destructively.

Repair layers

In addition to the standard Adjustment Layer option, Capture One Pro has two Repair Layer options: Clone and Heal. Each of these two layers have dedicated brush-based local Clone and Heal repair tools. Both look similar initially, however there are some subtle yet important differences between the way the two work.

The Clone tool copies pixels from one area of an image to another and is well suited to either duplicating or removing objects. Brushing over an imperfection in an image using the Clone brush will replace that area with an exact copy of another part of the image.

The Heal tool works slightly differently. Capture One Pro automatically blends the colors and brightness of the sampled area with the adjacent pixels of the target area. For most repair work, particularly skin blemishes or large expanses of sky with a slight gradient, the Heal tool should be the first choice. Repairs along edges are more suited to the Clone tool.

In addition to the standard Adjustment Layer option, Capture One Pro has two Repair Layer options: Clone and Heal.

Local adjustment tools

For details of the individual local adjustment tools including the new additions, please follow the links (below) to the global adjustment tools. They mostly replicate the functionality of the global tools, however, saving a selection using the Purple Fringing tool as a User Preset isn't possible.

- Exposure

- White Balance

HDR

- Curves

- Sharpening

Clarity

Noise Reduction

- Moiré

- Color Editor

Purple Fringing 

 The individual local adjustment tools mostly replicate the functionality of the global tools

Add or remove a new adjustment or repair layer

  1. Go to the Local Adjustments Tool Tab.
  2. Click plus/minus icon to create or delete a new Clone, Heal or Adjustment layer. Up to 16 individual layers can be added.
  3. Name the Layer or press return and it will be named Layer 1,2,3 (Clone/Heal/Adjustment) etc.
  4. To switch between the Clone, Heal and Adjustment options without deleting the layer, click the button displaying the current layer type in the Local Adjustments tool and make the selection from the pop-up menu.  

Note: A layer that is currently selected is highlighted in orange.

2.Click plus/minus icon to create or delete a new Clone, Heal or Adjustment layer. Up to 16 individual layers can be added.

Draw a mask and apply local adjustments in a layer

  1. Go to the Local Adjustments Tool Tab.
  2. Select a layer in the Local Adjustments tool. (It will turn orange once active).
  3. Long press the Mask icon in the Local Adjustments tool, or from the Cursor tool bar, and select Draw Mask (b) from the menu. The cursor changes to a (double) ring with a cross-hair indicating the center of the brush. Note the inner ring indicates the diameter of the brush size while the outer ring denotes the outer limit of hardness (i.e., feathering) applied, with the difference between the inner and outer rings being 100-0%, respectively.
  4. From the same menu choose between Always Display Mask, or Only Display Mask When Drawing depending on preference (choosing Never Display Mask is not recommended initially). 
  5. Draw a mask on the image. The selection will appear in semi-transparent red. Remove any unwanted part of the mask by selecting Erase Mask (e) and drawing over the semi-transparent red areas.
  6. Select an adjustment tool (e.g., Exposure) and adjust by dragging a slider.
  7. If selecting the Heal or Clone option, Capture One Pro automatically selects the source point after drawing. If the appearance of the target area doesn’t match the surrounding pixels when using the Heal tool, click on the source point and drag it to set your own sampling point. The source point can be moved anywhere within the viewer.
  8. Remember to select the Background Layer in the Local Adjustments tool to make any global adjustments to the whole image.

Notes on layers

  • When using the Clarity tool, select the Method from the Background layer first, as this option is locked when the Adjustment layer is selected.
  • Disable a Layer by removing the check mark in the Local Adjustments tool.
  • The Background Layer cannot be disabled or deleted.
  • Remember to select the Background layer to apply global changes to the whole image.

3.Long press the Mask icon in the Local Adjustments tool, or from the Cursor tool bar, and select Draw Mask (b) from the menu.

Selection points

A single Selection point will appear close to the first application of a brush mask in an adjustment layer or source point in a repair layer, regardless of whether it’s a series of brush strokes or a single stroke. One Selection point will appear per layer, and will change color from silver to orange when active. Clicking on one will select that layer, making it an efficient way to move between adjustments.

To reposition a brush mask in an adjustment layer

  1. Select the relevant layer from the Local Adjustments Tool, or click on the relevant selection point in the image viewer. Note, the selection point will change from silver to orange when selected.
  2. Click the selection point and drag to the desired location. The mask will move with the selection point.
  3. If Selection Points aren’t already selected from the Brush tool menu, command-click on the mask instead and then drag to the new position.

To set a source point and reposition a brush mask in a Clone or Heal layer

  1. Select the layer from the Local Adjustments Tool. 
  2. Set a source point using option-click.
  3. Option-click on either point and drag to re-position.

A single Selection point will appear close to the first application of a brush mask in an adjustment layer or source point in a repair layer, regardless of whether it’s a series of brush strokes or a single stroke.

Brush tool controls

Capture One Pro has one-click access to an extensive range of brush and eraser tool settings allowing you to quickly optimize the application of the mask, thereby minimizing the disruption to the workflow.

In addition to the Size, Hardness and Opacity settings, the Flow setting offers greater control of the amount of transparency applied. The Flow option allows the user to draw over the same area with the brush in user-selectable increments (as a percentage). If the Opacity is set to 50% and 10% Flow is selected, for example, the opacity of the mask is built-up in 5% increments per stroke, until the 50% level is reached. Note for the set increment to be applied to the maximum, the mouse button must remain depressed (or if using a pressure-sensitive pen, the nib must in remain contact with the tablet surface).

The Airbrush option allows the opacity and flow to build up over the duration of the mask’s application, providing the brush remains stationary (effectively mimicking an airbrush).

Capture One Pro has one-click access to an extensive range of brush and eraser tool settings allowing you to quickly optimize the application of the mask, thereby minimizing the disruption to the workflow.

Select and modify brush and/or eraser settings

  1. Select the Brush icon in the Local Adjustments tool or the Cursor tool bar.
  2. Right click anywhere in the image Viewer for quick access, or alternatively click on the Brush Settings icon (highlighted in blue).
  3. The Brush Settings panel will open. Adjust the sliders to set the desired size (i.e., radius) and hardness (i.e., harden/soften edge transition) of the brush.
  4. Adjust opacity (i.e., amount of transparency) and flow (i.e., rate).

Shortcuts for drawing with the brush tool

  • Switch quickly between the Brush and Erase tools by using the keyboard shortcuts (b) and (e) respectively.
  • Brush and Eraser settings for Size and Hardness may be linked to prevent a mis-match during correction (check option in Brush panel)
  • To draw a perfectly straight line, hold down the shift key and draw.
  • To draw a straight line between two points, click on the first point then release and then shift-click (hold down the shift key then click the mouse/pen) on the second.
  • Use the keyboard square brackets to quickly adjust the size of the brush. Press [ or ] to decrease or increase the brush size respectively.
  • To move the mask in one piece using the brush tool, select the Cmd/Ctrl key (Mac/Windows) and click on the mask and drag into position.
  • To move the mask layer selection point, hold down the Alt key and drag to the chosen position.

2.Right click anywhere in the image Viewer for quick access, or alternatively click on the Brush Settings icon (highlighted in blue).

Enable pen pressure support

Capture One Pro can detect the pressure applied when using any type of pen and graphics tablet from manufacturers such as Wacom.

  1. Select the Brush icon in the Local Adjustments tool or the Cursor tool bar.
  2. Right click anywhere in the image Viewer or click on the Brush Settings (icon circled in blue).
  3. A Brush Settings panel will appear.
  4. Now check mark the Use Pen Pressure option box.

Tip: Use the other end of a Graphics Tablet pen as an eraser.

Capture One Pro can detect the pressure applied when using any type of pen and graphics tablet from manufacturers such as Wacom.

Quick selections

There are a number of tools and methods to make quick selections of larger areas using the brush tool: Auto Mask, Copy and Invert a selection, Draw a selection directly, Fill Mask, Gradient Mask and Color Editor Mask.

Auto mask

The brush-based Auto Mask tool is ideal for making quick selections inside of defined areas such as the sky in a cityscape image, or a (plain) background in a studio model shoot.
 
Select Auto Mask

  1. Select the Brush (b) icon in the Local Adjustments tool, or from the Cursor tool bar.
  2. Right click anywhere in the image Viewer, or click on the Brush Settings icon. A Brush Settings panel will appear.
  3. Check mark the Auto Mask option box.

The brush-based Auto Mask tool is ideal for making quick selections inside of defined areas such as the sky in a cityscape image, or a (plain) background in a studio model shoot.

Apply auto mask

  1. Follow the steps 1 to 3 above, to select the Auto Mask feature.
  2. Select the image in the Viewer, adjust the size of the brush and paint over the desired areas.
  3. Enlarge the zoom slider to get a closer view of the edge of your selection; in this case where the sky and monument meet.
  4. Notice that the cursor has two circles with a cross in the middle. It is important to ensure that the inner circle only comes into contact with areas that you want included in the selection. Do NOT let the inner circle touch any areas that you want omitted from the selection; in this example, the inner circle should not touch either the monument or the ground.
  5. It is considered best practice to apply numerous small selections instead of a single large one. Once you’ve finished, the (semi-transparent red) mask will snap into place. In this example, only the sky has been selected.
  6. When there are unwanted areas of the mask, select the Erase (e) brush and draw over them. 
  7. Remove the semi-transparent red mask by selecting the Never Display Mask from the drop down menu in the Brush tool.
  8. Make any necessary adjustments once the selection is complete. Here, the Exposure, Contrast and Saturation sliders have been adjusted.
  9. Remember to select the Background Layer to make any global adjustments to the whole image.

1.Select the Brush (b) icon in the Local Adjustments tool, or from the Cursor tool bar.

Copy and invert a local adjustment selection

  1. Go to the Local Adjustments tool.
  2. Select a layer with an existing mask. 
  3. Copy the local adjustment selection from one layer to another layer by clicking on the action menu (...) icon and selecting the Copy Mask From option.
  4. Invert a local adjustment by selecting the Invert Mask option from the action menu.
  5. Now apply any desired adjustments to this new selected area.

Copy the local adjustment selection from one layer to another layer by clicking on the action menu (...) icon and selecting the Copy Mask From option.

Fill mask

The Fill Mask option (in the action menu) is ideal to quickly fill in large or intricate areas of a layer mask selection.

  1. Draw around the edge of the area that you want to select.
  2. Ensure that the selection joins up. See the example (top) photograph where there is a continuous selection around the water of this aerial coastline image.
  3. Go to the action menu icon and select Fill Mask.
  4. Now apply any desired adjustments to this selected area.

The Fill Mask option (in the action menu) is ideal to quickly fill in large or intricate areas of a layer mask selection.

Draw local adjustments directly

  1. Go to the Local Adjustments Tool Tab.
  2. Select a layer in the Local Adjustments tool. (The layer will turn orange once active).
  3. Long press the Mask icon in the Local Adjustments tool or from the Cursor tool bar, and select Draw Mask (b) from the menu.
  4. Select Never Display Mask from the drop down menu.
  5. Select one or more tools and set the slider to a particular value. In this example the Exposure and Contrast sliders were adjusted.
  6. Draw the local adjustment. In this example the eye (on the left) has been selected.
  7. If needed, long press the Brush tool and select Erase Local Adjustments to remove any unwanted areas of the mask.

Note: An active layer is highlighted with an orange check mark. To deselect the effects, uncheck the adjacent box.

Capture One Pro has one-click access to an extensive range of brush and eraser tool settings allowing you to quickly optimize the application of the mask, thereby minimizing the disruption to the workflow.

Create a gradient mask

  1. Go to the Local Adjustments Tool Tab.
  2. Long press the Brush tool and select Gradient Mask (g) from the drop down menu.
  3. Click and drag the cursor over the desired image area in the Viewer. A new layer will be automatically created.
  4. The transition in opacity will be denser from where you first clicked on the image and gradually fade to the point where you released the cursor. If you're not happy with the selection, repeat step 3. The new mask will instantly override the previous selection.
  5. Adjust the sliders in the Color Editor and/or the Exposure, Sharpening, Moiré and Clarity tools as desired.
  6. A Gradient Mask can be edited by using the Erase (e) or Draw Mask (b) brush.
  7. The Gradient Mask adjustment layer can also be copied and applied to other image files.

Create a gradient mask

Create mask from color editor

The Color Editor tool allows the user to create a mask to apply local adjustments directly from a color edit, or a selection-based color.

  1. Pick the sample using any of the color editor tools.
  2. With the selection highlighted, from the Color Editor tool’s action menu (…), select Create Masked Layer from Selection.
  3. A new local adjustment layer is generated complete with a corresponding mask for that color.
  4. This mask can now be used to make additional enhancements, using any of the local adjustment tools.

The Color Editor tool now allows the user to create a mask for local adjustments directly from a color edit, or a selection based color.

Create a layer mask for multiple images

Capture One’s ability to automatically create a mask from a color-based selection using the Color Editor tool can be a valuable time saver, particularly when selections for local adjustments are complex. However, as a potentially exceptional time saver, this option can also be used when you have a batch of images that include the same subject. Capture One can create a mask automatically for each based on the same color pick, instead of working through each one, one at a time. The following instructions assume that the Edit All Selected Variants option is selected (if not, click on the multiple thumbnail icon in the Toolbar turning the icon to orange).

  1. Select the image variants in the browser that you to create a mask for.
  2. From the Color Tool Tab, select the color/area intended for local adjustment on the primary variant using the Color Editor tool’s color picker (pipette icon).  
  3. From the Color Editor tool’s action menu (), select Create Masked Layer from Selection.
  4. A new local adjustment layer is generated complete with a corresponding mask for that color in each of the selected variants.
  5. This mask can now be used to make additional enhancements, using any of the local adjustment tools.

Capture One can create a mask automatically for each based on the same color pick, instead of working through each one, one at a time.