局部调整 Pro

局部调整 / 曝光 / 色彩编辑器 / 锐化 / 莫尔条纹

局部调整工具让您可以创建图层并在图像目标区域上工作。

Introduction

The Local Adjustments tool lets you create layers that allow you to selectively edit areas of an image non-destructively. There are two kinds of layers, Adjustment layers and Repair layers and there are two main tools used to make selections, the Brush tool and the Gradient Mask.

The Brush tool is used with both layer types and has full access to the range of local adjustment and repair tools. It allows control over color, exposure, contrast, brightness, saturation, sharpening, clarity, curves and more, in targeted areas of your image. Now the most common retouch jobs can be achieved with a few brush strokes.

The Gradient Mask can also be used with all the adjustment tools but it’s particularly useful when color and tonal adjustments need to be applied quickly and accurately across a section of an image, rather like a filter. Adjustments using the Brush tool or Gradient Mask can be edited at anytime and are not applied permanently until images are exported.

The Local Adjustments tool lets you create layers that allow you to selectively edit areas of an image non-destructively.

Repair layers

In addition to the standard Adjustment Layer option, Capture One Pro has two Repair Layer options: Clone and Heal. Each of these two layers have dedicated brush-based local Clone and Heal repair tools. Both look similar initially, however there are some subtle yet important differences between the way the two work.

The Clone tool copies pixels from one area of an image to another and is well suited to either duplicating or removing objects. Brushing over an imperfection in an image using the Clone brush will replace that area with an exact copy of another part of the image.

The Heal tool works slightly differently. Capture One Pro automatically blends the colors and brightness of the sampled area with the adjacent pixels of the target area. For most repair work, particularly skin blemishes or large expanses of sky with a slight gradient, the Heal tool should be the first choice. Repairs along edges are more suited to the Clone tool.

Local adjustment tools

For details of the individual local adjustment tools including the new additions, please follow the links (below) to the global adjustment tools. They mostly replicate the functionality of the global tools, however, saving a selection using the Purple Fringing tool as a User Preset isn't possible.

- Exposure

- White Balance

HDR

- Curves

- Sharpening

Clarity

Noise Reduction

- Moiré

- Color Editor

Purple Fringing 

添加或删除新的调整或修复图层

  1. 转到 本地调整工具选项卡
  2. 单击加/减图标可创建或删除新的 复制(克隆), 修复调整 图层。 最多可添加16个单独图层。
  3. 命名 图层 或按回车键,它将命名为图层1,2,3(复制/修复/调整)等。
  4. 不删除图层的情况下要在“复制”,“修复”和“调整”选项之间切换,请单击“本地调整”工具中显示当前图层类型的按钮,并从弹出菜单中进行选择。

注意:当前选定的图层以橙色突出显示。

Draw a mask and apply local adjustments in a layer

  1. Go to the Local Adjustments Tool Tab.
  2. Select a layer in the Local Adjustments tool. (It will turn orange once active).
  3. Long press the Mask icon in the Local Adjustments tool, or from the Cursor tool bar, and select Draw Mask (b) from the menu. The cursor changes to a (double) ring with a cross-hair indicating the center of the brush. Note the inner ring indicates the diameter of the brush size while the outer ring denotes the outer limit of hardness (i.e., feathering) applied, with the difference between the inner and outer rings being 100-0%, respectively.
  4. From the same menu choose between Always Display Mask, or Only Display Mask When Drawing depending on preference (choosing Never Display Mask is not recommended initially). 
  5. Draw a mask on the image. The selection will appear in semi-transparent red. Remove any unwanted part of the mask by selecting Erase Mask (e) and drawing over the semi-transparent red areas.
  6. Select an adjustment tool (e.g., Exposure) and adjust by dragging a slider.
  7. If selecting the Heal or Clone option, Capture One Pro automatically selects the source point after drawing. If the appearance of the target area doesn’t match the surrounding pixels when using the Heal tool, click on the source point and drag it to set your own sampling point. The source point can be moved anywhere within the viewer.
  8. Remember to select the Background Layer in the Local Adjustments tool to make any global adjustments to the whole image.

Notes on layers

  • When using the Clarity tool, select the Method from the Background layer first, as this option is locked when the Adjustment layer is selected.
  • Disable a Layer by removing the check mark in the Local Adjustments tool.
  • The Background Layer cannot be disabled or deleted.
  • Remember to select the Background layer to apply global changes to the whole image.

Selection points

A single Selection point will appear close to the first application of a brush mask in an adjustment layer or source point in a repair layer, regardless of whether it’s a series of brush strokes or a single stroke. One Selection point will appear per layer, and will change color from silver to orange when active. Clicking on one will select that layer, making it an efficient way to move between adjustments.

To reposition a brush mask in an adjustment layer

  1. Select the relevant layer from the Local Adjustments Tool, or click on the relevant selection point in the image viewer. Note, the selection point will change from silver to orange when selected.
  2. Click the selection point and drag to the desired location. The mask will move with the selection point.
  3. If Selection Points aren’t already selected from the Brush tool menu, command-click on the mask instead and then drag to the new position.

To set a source point and reposition a brush mask in a Clone or Heal layer

  1. Select the layer from the Local Adjustments Tool. 
  2. Set a source point using option-click.
  3. Option-click on either point and drag to re-position.

Brush tool controls

Capture One Pro has one-click access to an extensive range of brush and eraser tool settings allowing you to quickly optimize the application of the mask, thereby minimizing the disruption to the workflow.

In addition to the Size, Hardness and Opacity settings, the Flow setting offers greater control of the amount of transparency applied. The Flow option allows the user to draw over the same area with the brush in user-selectable increments (as a percentage). If the Opacity is set to 50% and 10% Flow is selected, for example, the opacity of the mask is built-up in 5% increments per stroke, until the 50% level is reached. Note for the set increment to be applied to the maximum, the mouse button must remain depressed (or if using a pressure-sensitive pen, the nib must in remain contact with the tablet surface).

The Airbrush option allows the opacity and flow to build up over the duration of the mask’s application, providing the brush remains stationary (effectively mimicking an airbrush).

Capture One Pro has one-click access to an extensive range of brush and eraser tool settings allowing you to quickly optimize the application of the mask, thereby minimizing the disruption to the workflow.

Select and modify brush and/or eraser settings

  1. Select the Brush icon in the Local Adjustments tool or the Cursor tool bar.
  2. Right click anywhere in the image Viewer for quick access, or alternatively click on the Brush Settings icon (highlighted in blue).
  3. The Brush Settings panel will open. Adjust the sliders to set the desired size (i.e., radius) and hardness (i.e., harden/soften edge transition) of the brush.
  4. Adjust opacity (i.e., amount of transparency) and flow (i.e., rate).

Shortcuts for drawing with the brush tool

  • Switch quickly between the Brush and Erase tools by using the keyboard shortcuts (b) and (e) respectively.
  • Brush and Eraser settings for Size and Hardness may be linked to prevent a mis-match during correction (check option in Brush panel)
  • To draw a perfectly straight line, hold down the shift key and draw.
  • To draw a straight line between two points, click on the first point then release and then shift-click (hold down the shift key then click the mouse/pen) on the second.
  • Use the keyboard square brackets to quickly adjust the size of the brush. Press [ or ] to decrease or increase the brush size respectively.
  • To move the mask in one piece using the brush tool, select the Cmd/Ctrl key (Mac/Windows) and click on the mask and drag into position.
  • To move the mask layer selection point, hold down the Alt key and drag to the chosen position.

启用笔压支持

在使用诸如 Wacom 等制造商的任何类型的笔和绘图板时,Capture One Pro 可以检测到应用的压力。

  1. 在局部调整工具或 光标工具栏中选择刷子图标。
  2. 右键单击 查看器 中图像的任意位置或单击刷子设置(蓝色圆圈图标)。
  3. 将出现刷子设置面板。
  4. 勾选 使用笔压 选项框。

提示:将绘图板笔的另一端用作擦除器。

Quick selections

There are a number of tools and methods to make quick selections of larger areas using the brush tool: Auto Mask, Copy and Invert a selection, Draw a selection directly, Fill Mask, Gradient Mask and Color Editor Mask.

自动遮罩

基于画笔的自动遮罩工具非常适合在定义的区域内进行快速选择,例如城市景观图像中的天空,或摄影棚内模特儿拍摄中的纯背景。

选择自动遮罩

  1. 在局部调整工具中,或从 光标工具栏中选择画笔 (b) 图标。
  2. 右键单击图像e 查看器中的任意位置,或单击画笔设置 图标。 将出现“画笔设置”面板。
  3. 勾选 自动遮罩 选项框。

The brush-based Auto Mask tool is ideal for making quick selections inside of defined areas such as the sky in a cityscape image, or a (plain) background in a studio model shoot.

应用自动遮罩

  1. 按照上述步骤1到3,选择自动屏蔽功能。
  2. 在查看器中选择图像,调整画笔的大小,并在所需的区域上绘制。
  3. 放大缩放滑块可以更精确地查看选择的边缘中;在此示例中是天空和建筑物。
  4. 注意光标有两个中间有十字的圆圈。重要的是要确保内圈只与要包含在选区中的区域相接触。不要让内圈触摸您想要从选择中省略的任何区域;在此示例中内圆不应接触建筑物。
  5. 最佳实践是应用许多小选择而不是单个大选择。一旦完成,(半透明红色)遮罩将卡入到位。在此示例中,只选择天空。
  6. 当遮罩中有任何不需要的部分,选择 擦除 (e) 刷并在其上绘制。
  7. 通过从画笔工具的下拉菜单中选择 从不显示遮罩 来隐藏半透明红色遮罩。
  8. 选择完成后,进行任何必要调整。此处调整了曝光、对比度和饱和度滑动条。
  9. 记住选择背景图层以对整个图像进行任何全局调整。

1.Select the Brush (b) icon in the Local Adjustments tool, or from the Cursor tool bar.

复制和反转局部调整选择

  1. 转到局部调整工具
  2. 选择具有现有遮罩的图层。
  3. 通过单击操作菜单(...) 图标并选择 复制遮罩从 选项,将局部调整选择从一个图层复制到另一个图层。
  4. 通过从操作菜单中选择反转遮罩 选项来反转局部调整。
  5. 现在对此新选定区域应用任何所需的调整。

3.Copy the local adjustment selection from one layer to another layer by clicking on the action menu (...) icon and selecting the Copy Mask From option3.Copy the local adjustment selection from one layer to another layer by clicking on the action menu (...) icon and selecting the Copy Mask From option3.Copy the local adjustment selection from one layer to another layer by clicking on the action menu (...) icon and selecting the Copy Mask From option

填充遮罩

填充遮罩选项(在操作菜单中)是快速填充大型或复杂区域图层遮罩选择的理想选择。

  1. 在要选择的区域的边缘绘制。
  2. 确保选择连接。 参见示例(上面)照片,在此天际海岸线图像中有一个沿海水周围的连续选择。
  3. 转到操作菜单图标,然后选择 填充遮罩
  4. 现在对此选定区域应用任何所需的调整。

Draw local adjustments directly

  1. Go to the Local Adjustments Tool Tab.
  2. Select a layer in the Local Adjustments tool. (The layer will turn orange once active).
  3. Long press the Mask icon in the Local Adjustments tool or from the Cursor tool bar, and select Draw Mask (b) from the menu.
  4. Select Never Display Mask from the drop down menu.
  5. Select one or more tools and set the slider to a particular value. In this example the Exposure and Contrast sliders were adjusted.
  6. Draw the local adjustment. In this example the eye (on the left) has been selected.
  7. If needed, long press the Brush tool and select Erase Local Adjustments to remove any unwanted areas of the mask.

Note: An active layer is highlighted with an orange check mark. To deselect the effects, uncheck the adjacent box.

创建坡度遮罩

  1. 转到 局部调整工具选项卡
  2. 长按画笔工具,从下拉菜单中选择 坡度遮罩 (g) 。
  3. 单击并在查看器中将光标拖动到所需的图像区域。 将自动创建一个新图层。
  4. 坡度在您于查看器上开始单击的位置较密,然后到您拖动并释放的点慢慢淡出。如果您对此选择不满意,可以应用新坡度来快速覆盖之前部分。
  5. 根据需要调整颜色编辑器和/或曝光,锐化,莫尔和清晰度工具中的滑块。
  6. A 可以使用 擦除 (e) 或 绘制遮罩 (b) 画笔编辑坡度遮罩。
  7. 坡度遮罩调整图层也可以 复制并应用 于其他图像文件。

Create a gradient mask

Create mask from color editor

The Color Editor tool allows the user to create a mask to apply local adjustments directly from a color edit, or a selection-based color.

  1. Pick the sample using any of the color editor tools.
  2. With the selection highlighted, from the Color Editor tool’s action menu (…), select Create Masked Layer from Selection.
  3. A new local adjustment layer is generated complete with a corresponding mask for that color.
  4. This mask can now be used to make additional enhancements, using any of the local adjustment tools.

The Color Editor tool now allows the user to create a mask for local adjustments directly from a color edit, or a selection based color.

Create a layer mask for multiple images

Capture One’s ability to automatically create a mask from a color-based selection using the Color Editor tool can be a valuable time saver, particularly when selections for local adjustments are complex. However, as a potentially exceptional time saver, this option can also be used when you have a batch of images that include the same subject. Capture One can create a mask automatically for each based on the same color pick, instead of working through each one, one at a time. The following instructions assume that the Edit All Selected Variants option is selected (if not, click on the multiple thumbnail icon in the Toolbar turning the icon to orange).

  1. Select the image variants in the browser that you to create a mask for.
  2. From the Color Tool Tab, select the color/area intended for local adjustment on the primary variant using the Color Editor tool’s color picker (pipette icon).  
  3. From the Color Editor tool’s action menu (), select Create Masked Layer from Selection.
  4. A new local adjustment layer is generated complete with a corresponding mask for that color in each of the selected variants.
  5. This mask can now be used to make additional enhancements, using any of the local adjustment tools.

Capture One can create a mask automatically for each based on the same color pick, instead of working through each one, one at a time.